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VIOLENCE
  • Homicides in 2018: 35,964 (INEGI).

  • Women represent around 10.5% of homicide victims.

  • 65% of homicide victims are between 20 and 45 years old; 29% are between 20 and 30.

  • The percentage of homicides that are attributable to organized crime is unclear. Estimates range between approximately 44% and 80% for 2019.

  • Missing people between March 15, 1964 and July 13, 2019: 73,201 (Comisión Nacional de Búsqueda).

  • Missing people between 1964 and January 2019: 61,637 (Comisión Nacional de Búsqueda). 74% are men; 25.69 are women; and 0.31% are undetermined. 53% of missing individuals are between the ages 15 to 35 years old.

  • DataCivica statistics suggest 31.5% of disappearances are men between the ages of 18 and 30.

  • A study examining 729 disappearances in Coahuila between 2001 and 2017 found that state agents were responsible for a third of disappearances, with 54% of those cases involving municipal police (state forces were responsible for a quarter and federal forces were responsible for 13%). The same study also found that people between the ages of 17 and 33 years are at higher risk, as well as those working in the transportation sector.

  • Unidentified persons: 26,000

  • 345,000 internally displaced by violence (as of 2019). Estimated 1.65 million displaced between 2006 and 2011.

  • In 2018, 13 incidents of displacement were caused by direct attacks on the civilian population by armed groups. In 2019, 28 internal displacement incidents were reported, along with 8,664 internally displaced people. Seven of these displacement incidents were caused by violent attacks towards civilians by armed groups.

  • In 2018, 6,156 people were displaced by armed groups, 5,335 were displaced by political violence, social conflict, and territorial conflict. In 2019, 6,925 people were displaced by violence related to criminal organizations, and 1,658 by political violence, social conflict, and territorial conflict.

  • During the 2018 election cycle, 112 politicians were assassinated.

  • 33.9% of households reported being victims of crime in 2018 (excludes homicides).

  • In 2018, 50.6% of Mexican citizens felt unsafe in their neighborhood [colonia] compared to 44% in 2013. Notably, there is a clear gender disparity. In 2018, 54.5% of women felt unsafe in their neighborhood, compared to 46.2% of men. This disparity has also exacerbated over time. In 2013, 46.7% of women felt unsafe in their neighborhood, compared to 41% of men.

 
COST OF VIOLENCE
  • Cost of violence in 2019, according to Mexico Peace Index: $238 Billion (US dollars); equivalent to 21.3% of GDP.

  • Cost of criminality and insecurity per household according to INEGI: 1.54 percent of the GDP.

 
JUDICIAL SYSTEM
  • 9 of 10 intentional homicides cases end in impunity according to INEGI.

  • Percentage of unreported crimes (cifra negra) in 2018: 93.2%.

  • Lowest: Baja California Sur 87.3%

  • Highest: Guerrero 98%

  • In   2018, an arrest was made in only 11.5% of all cases,   with only 0.27% of cases going to trial (3.9% of cases had some judicial   resolution).

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FIREARMS
  • Small Arms Survey estimates 16,809,000 civilian-held guns in Mexico (12.9 per 100,000). An additional 1,486,285 weapons are held by law enforcement and military.

  • 7,241 arms were seized in Mexico in 2017 of which:

23 machine guns

2,834 rifles

2,304 pistols

379 revolvers

317 shotguns

69 submachine guns

423 other

892 unknown

  • Years with available data show 2011 had the largest number of arms seizures with a total of 40,996.

  • An estimated 70% of arms come from the U.S.

 
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JOURNALISM
  • Since the year 2000, 135 journalists have been killed in Mexico, of which 124 were men and 11 were women.

  • Data shows 42% of attacks come from officials/authorities. Only 5% can be identified as coming from organized crime.

  • More than 100 journalists enrolled in protection mechanism

 
SECURITY FORCES
  • Security budget approximately $91.9 million (USD).

  • 215,243 active members of the Army and Air Force (SEDENA).

  • 66,505 active members of the Navy (SEMAR).

  • 36,064 active members of the Guardia Nacional.

  • Approximately 330,000 police officers between municipal, state, and federal police.

  • SEDENA has experienced 543 losses between 2006 and 2018; SEMAR 54 (2006-2012) with 152 marines killed 2012-2018. 44% of soldiers killed were lowest rank; 68% were lowest two ranks (soldier and corporal).

  • 586 federal police officers were killed between 2006 and 2018.

  • Between 2006 and 2018, more than 67,000 desertions from SEDENA. Desertions from SEMAR: 1,222 between 2015 and 2018. 623 desertions.

  • Between December 2018 and October 2019, 569 desertions from SEDENA; 54 desertions from SEMAR.

  • From 2006 to 2018, nearly six times as many armed civilians died in confrontations than members of the military. From 2007 to 2014, SEDENA reported 4,502 confrontations, resulting in the deaths of 3,907 “aggressors” and 494 “aggressors” wounded. From 2007 to 2019, SEMAR reported 400 confrontations, resulting in the deaths of 446 “presumed criminals” and 272 “presumed criminals” wounded. Of the 102 confrontations between 2007 to 2011, SEMAR reported no deaths and 253 wounded.

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U.S. AID
  • Total Merida Initiative appropriations, 2008-2019: $3.1 Billion

  • Security Aid to Mexico, 2019: $144 million. 2020: $58,660 million (USD).

  • $1,531,566,773 in direct commercial arms sales, 2008-2019.

  • $563,880,000 in Foreign Military Sales, 2008-2019.

 
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The Mexico Violence Resource Project is a collaborative effort housed at UC San Diego’s Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies.

Contact us at admin@mexicoviolence.org