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Essential Numbers | mexicoviolence

Essential Numbers:

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violence
  • Homicides in 2018: 35,964 (INEGI)

  • Missing people since 1964 to 2019: 61,637: 74% are men; 25.69 are women; and .31% are undetermined. 53% of missing individuals are between the ages 15 to 35 years old.

  • Missing people since 2006: 40,180 

  • Unidentified persons: 26,000

  • 338,000 internally displaced by violence (as of 2018)

  • 33.9% of households reported being victims of crime in 2018 (excludes homicides)

  • In 2018, 50.6% of Mexican citizens felt unsafe in their neighborhood [colonia] compared to 44% in 2013. Notably, there is a clear gender disparity. In 2018, 54.5% of women felt unsafe in their neighborhood, compared to 46.2% of men. This disparity has also exacerbated over time. In 2013, 46.7% of women felt unsafe in their neighborhood, compared to 41% of men.

cost of violence
  • Cost of violence, according to Mexico Peace Index: $268 Billion (US dollars)

  • Cost of violence per capita according to Mexico Peace Index: $2154 (US dollars)

  • Cost of criminality and insecurity per household according to INEGI: 1.54 percent of the GDP

Judicial System
  • 9 of 10 intentional homicides cases end in impunity 

  • Percentage of unreported crimes (cifra negra) in 2018: 93.2%. 

    • Lowest: Baja California Sur 87.3%

    • Highest: Guerrero 98%

  • In 2018, an arrest was made in only 11.5% of all cases, with only 0.27% of cases going to trial (3.9% of cases had some judicial resolution).

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firearms
  • Small Arms Survey estimates 16,809,000 civilian-held guns in Mexico (12.9 per 100,000). An additional 1,486,285 weapons are held by law enforcement and military.

  • 7,241 arms were seized in Mexico in 2017 of which:

    • 23 machine guns

    • 2,834 rifles

    • 2,304 pistols

    • 379 revolver

    • 317 shotguns

    • 69 submachine guns

    • 423 other

    • 892 unknown

  • Years with available data show 2011 had the largest number of arms seizures with a total of 40,996.

  • An estimated 70% of arms come from the U.S.

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journalism
  • Since the year 2000, 131 journalists have been killed in Mexico, of which 121 were men and 10 were women.

  • Data shows 42% of attacks come from officials/authorities. Only 5% can be identified as coming from organized crime.

  • More than 100 journalists enrolled in protection mechanism

  • The most lethal location for journalists has been Veracruz during the Javier Duarte administration [2010-2016], when 17 journalists were murdered.

security forces
  • Presup seguridad

  • 215,243 active personnel for Army and Air Force

  • 66,505 active personnel for the Navy

  • GN is ….

  • 562 Army and Air Force personnel died in relation to counternarcotics operations [Between December 1, 2006 and December 1, 2019)

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U.S. Aid
  • Total Merida Initiative appropriations, 2008-2019: $3 Billion

  • Merida Initiative funds used

  • Security Aid to Mexico, 2019: $144 million

The Mexico Violence Resource Project is a collaboration between researchers at UC San Diego’s Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies and El Colegio de México. Contact us at admin@mexicoviolence.org

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MEXICO VIOLENCE RESOURCE PROJECT